Cataracts

The eye functions much like a camera. Light rays enter the eye, passing through the cornea, the aqueous humor — transparent fluid in the front of the eye — and then the pupil and into the lens. The lens bends the light rays to focus objects onto the retina lining the back of the eye. From there, the image passes through the retinal cells, into the optic nerve, and finally to the back of the brain which processes the images.

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Cataracts occur when there is a buildup of protein in the lens that makes it cloudy. This prevents light from passing clearly through the lens, causing some loss of vision. Since new lens cells form on the outside of the lens, all the older cells are compacted into the center of the lens resulting in the cataract.…

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Astigmatism

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Astigmatism is an imperfection in the curvature of your cornea — the clear, round dome covering the eye’s iris and pupil — or in the shape of the eye’s lens. Normally, the cornea and lens are smooth and curved equally in all directions, helping to focus light rays sharply onto the retina at the back of your eye. However, if your cornea or lens isn’t smooth and evenly curved, light rays aren’t refracted properly. This is called a refractive error.…

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Patient Guidance for Eye Surgery

Before operation

The patient should not eat any solid food 3 hours before the surgery time. Food taken should be light.

The patient should have a head bath in the morning before eye surgery.

The patient should come to the hospital 2 hours before the appointed time of surgery and bring along all the recent reports as advised by the Doctor.

If the patient is on medication for high blood pressure or diabetes, the medication must be taken as usual.

As instructed by the Doctor, all medication is to be started before surgery.

What to expect after the operation

After the operation, the Doctor will examine you and then you will be asked to go home. You must not go or drive alone but you must ask someone to take you home.

You will be prescribed some medication to be taken on the day of the surgery and on the days afterward.

You will be asked to wear dark glasses after the surgery.

The Doctor will ask you to return for an examination on the following day of the surgery.

Patient Guidance for Eye Surgery

Postoperative care

  • Do not rub or put pressure on the operated eye.
  • Put small balls of cotton in a bowl of water & boil for 10 minutes. Squeeze out the excess water and clean the discharge around the upper and lower eyelid.
  • Pull down the lower eyelid a little and put a drop of the medicine prescribed by the Doctor into the eye.
  • After the operation wears dark glasses throughout the day for 7 days.
  • Wipe tears below the eye.
  • Do not sleep on the operated side for 7 days.
  • For the first 7 days after surgery does not wash your face or head. You may have a bath below the neck onwards.
  • Do not bend your head below waist level for 7-10 days.
  • For the first 2 days after surgery does not read or watch TV.
  • For doing specific activities you may consult the Doctor.

All instructions before, during & after surgery will be separately given to the patients & their relatives.

All eye surgeries including cataract surgery are daycare surgeries NOT requiring an overnight stay in the hospital.…

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